Training Course about Leadership, Global Ethical Values and Democratization


Two representatives of SPPMD participated on the training course ‘O Captain , my Captain,’  that took place in Eskişehir, Turkey from 25 April – 3 May 2015, organized by the host organization ESDEAS (Eskişehir Development Association).

After a research and observation on today’s political & organizational leaders the NGO ESDEAS came up with the conclusion: there is a lack of certain leadership skills on the global level where the technological, social and economical changes are faster than ever.

The word ’’leadership’’ can bring to mind a variety of images: a political leader, an explorer, (cutting a path through the jungle for the rest of the group), or an executive, (developing  her company’s strategy to beat the competition). Leaders  help themselves and others to do the right things. They set direct vision, and create something new. But also use management skills to the right destination in a smooth and efficient way.

There are few leadership approaches:

  • Classic Leadership Approaches
  • Behavioral Leadership Approaches
  • Leadership Styles

And  the most discussed in the TC was the ’’Transformational Leadership’’  model, being initially proposed by James McGregor Burns and later developed by Bernard Bass.

The model highlights visionary thinking and bringing about change, instead of  management  process that are designed to maintain and steadily improve current performance

This means different things to different people around the world  and different things in different situations. (it could relate to community leadership, religious leadership, political or leadership of campaigning groups).


And the Kurt Lewin’s theory about the styles of leadership

  • Autocratic style

In the autocratic style, the leader takes decisions without consulting with others. The decision is made without any form of consultation. In Lewin’s experiments, he found that this caused the most level of discontent.

An autocratic style works when there is no need for input on the decision, where the decision would not change as a result of input, and where the motivation of people to carry out subsequent actions would not be affected whether they were or were not involved in the decision-making.

  • Democratic style

In the democratic style, the leader involves the people in the decision-making, although the process for the final decision may vary from the leader having the final say to them facilitating consensus in the group.

Democratic decision-making is usually appreciated by the people, especially if they have been used to autocratic decisions with which they disagreed. It can be problematic when there are a wide range of opinions and there is no clear way of reaching an equitable final decision.

  • Hands off style

The laissez-faire style is to minimize the leader’s involvement in decision-making, and hence allowing people to make their own decisions, although they may still be responsible for the outcome.

Laissez-faire works best when people are capable and motivated in making their own decisions, and where there is no requirement for a central coordination, for example in sharing resources across a range of different people and groups.

And of course, what can be done to overcome the difficulties, and what one leader of today must have to be successful: first of all to take the initiative, to make others listen, to have flexibility, confidence, positivity, creativity, intuition, EQ, strength of character, and ability to find compromises.

At the end – a part of тhe poem, to which the TC was actually named:

“O Captain! my Captain! rise up and hear the bells;

Rise up—for you the flag is flung—for you the bugle trills,

For you bouquets and ribbon’d wreaths—for you the shores a-crowding,

For you they call, the swaying mass, their eager faces turning;

Here Captain! dear father!

This arm beneath your head!

It is some dream that on the deck,

You’ve fallen cold and dead.”


Leaves of Grass (David McKay, 1891) By Walt Whitman




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